Sites and Monument Record: Kinneil Colliery (SMR 1730)

A super-pit created in the wake of the Second World War by the NCB. Closed 1982.
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Site history notes
Constructed in the mid 1950s, Kinneil Colliery replaced the Furnace Yard Pit and Snab Pits Nos 2 & 4. The surface layout was designed by Egon Ross of the NCB. The first sod was cut by the Countess of Balfour, wife of the NCB (Scotland) chairman, on 25 June 1951. The new shafts were almost 3,000ft deep and were 22ft in diameter, lined with concrete. The Cementation Co Ltd completed No. 1 to a depth of 2,877ft in March 1956 and No. 2 to 2,886ft in September. Pilot boreholes through the whinstone and volcanic ash had been kept 30ft ahead of the main shaft, but very little water was encountered.
peak production of coal was in 1960 at 3,000 tons per day from a workforce of 1,268.
In 1965 the connection was made under the Forth with Valleyfield Colliery of Fife.
The colliery closed on 14 December 1982, largely due to geological faults.
Site grid ref
NS 9866 8121


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