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The ice-house lies c90 m E of Carriden House, almost at the top of a wooded N-facing escarpment leading down to the Forth Estuary. It is perhaps in a better state of preservation than any of the other ice-houses in the District. The ice-chamber is 3.2 m in diameter and at least 2 m deep below the foot of the entrance door which is on the N. The roof is domed, with a circular aperture in the centre from which a square shaft c90cm long gives access to the outside. This is now covered with a manhole cover and would have been used to load the ice. The whole structure is of brick, the inside walls have been whitewashed. The antechamber communicates with the outside by three steps with checks for a door opening outwards. A door was also fitted at the entrance to the ice-chamber. The walls of the entechamber are irregular and curve in towards the main chamber. On the W side is a large recess, which may have been a larder. The antechamber has a barrel vaulted roof. The whole is covered externally by earth and the facade plainly retained by stone walls. Ice may have been obtained from the
This ice-house was situated at the foot of a N facing slope which in 1860 formed a strip of wooded land. The OS map shows a path descending the hill to the E of the ice-house and curving in to an access on the N side of a rectangular structure. The site lay c230 m N of the house, and is now separated from it by the M9 motorway. No trace remains above the ground, other than a scatter of stones. Ice could have been gathered from an artificial pond 150 m W of Kinnaird House.
The ice-house lies near the foot of a N facing wooded slope c20 m NNW of the house. The facade is of the plain stone rubble construction topped by round capping stones. Two buttress walls project forward at right angles to the main face. To either side of the checked doorway are small ventilation openings which were once protected by an iron grill. From these shafts led to the air gap around the ice-chamber itself. This chamber is reached from a vaulted antechamber with a second door at the interface between them. The chamber is egg-shaped and constructed of brick. The dome is still intact and has a loading hatch at the apex. The whole of the structure is buried under a mound of earth which projects from the natural hillslope. The two iron doors are now detached and rotting in the vicinity.
Grassam's map of 1818 shows an ice-house on the W side of Icehouse Brae. It is also commemorated in the name Icehouse Well (Love,J III, 333) noted for its soft water. A plan in the SRO shows this the modern planting around a circular ice-house. Nothing can now be seen on the surface.
An ice-house with a brick built circular ice-chamber set in puddled clay was demolished by the Amenity And Recreation Dept of FDC in 1980 as part of their development of the estate as a country park.
An interesting ice-house with a right-angled bend in the entrance passage to reduce drafts. The entrance door faces N but is shielded by the retaining wall of the E facing bank into which it is cut, giving it an E aspect. The door is only 1.2 m high, and the first 1.2 m of the passage is only 1.4 m tall. The ceiling then slopes up to 1.97 m. The walls are brick built, but the roof of the passage consists of 8 large flat sandstone slabs accurately chamfered to fit tightly together. A second door stood at the entrance to the ice-chamber which is rectangular in shape, 3.75 m by 3,7 m. The walls are of a high quality facing brick with a brick vaulted roof. In the centre of the roof is a square aperture formerly fitted with an iron frame and cover. The aperture, 0.6 m by 0.45 m in size, leads to the top of the earth mound after 60 cm. The ice-house is built into the E facing back of a cutting through which an estate road runs in a N-S direction. The top of the mound is thus level with the field to the W. The 1860s OS map shows this as a wooded area, but at this date the estate road lay further W. By 1921 it is noted by the OS as "Old Icehouse". The ice-house must date to the later part of the 19th century. It is c130 m from the house, and is now owned by Parkhall Farm who are slowly filling it in with agricultural debris. As the open top presents a hazard to animals the structure is unlikely to survive long. The Union Canal lies some 350 m to the N. by
A structure, 100 m NE of the house, now known as the Crow Well, may formerly have served as an ice-house. It lies about one third of the way down a steep wooded N facing slope. The remains consist of a well dressed stone retaining wall in the shape of a semi-circle with projecting wings. The back of the arc rises in height, as does the earth which it retains. In the centre is a much damaged opening through which water trickles. The lintel now lies some distance in front of the opening. It has a series of ogee mouldings on its face. Behind the retaining wall a slight hollow might indicate the position of a collapsed ice-chamber. On the W side stone steps ascend the slope towards the house and a formal garden terrace. Ice could have been obtained from ponds 200 m to the E adjacent to the Polmont Burn.
The ice-house stands prominently 130 m N of the house it served. The tall sandstone frontage is topped by a pediment, below which the doorway faces W. This orientation is due to the wish to display the building as a landscaped feature of the park, and in its location it would have been just as easy to face it N. It is built into the side of a disused gravel quarry. The antechamber is 3.65 m long and leads into the circular ice-chamber, 3.66 m in diameter, with its domed roof. Ice-chamber and antechamber are built of brick. Originally the ice-pit was 3.65 m deep from the floor of the antechamber, and given the gravel drift geology was presumably self-draining. The ice chamber was filled with gravel and other loose material by the Department of Amenity and recreation to bring it up to ground level, and it was subsequently used as a goat house. The antechamber had a door at either end, plus a third about mid way along. A small loch and ornamental canal lie 200 m to the S and would have provided ample ice. In September 1789 William Forbes received information on ice-houses elsewhere being intent upon erecting one at Callendar. These plans were made in "great haste" (GD 171,359/15).
The ice-house which served the castle at Airth lies at the site of the old burgh, 520 m to the NW. It is rectangular in shape with well dressed ashalr stone walls. The roof is vaulted, using hand-made bricks, which were exposed in 1993. The only entrance appears to have been a square aperture in the low vaulting, with a stone surround 0.70 m wide. This is set in the centre of the arch, 1.4 m from the N end. The structure measured 3.45m long by 2.00 m wide, and was at least 1.5m deep.
Doreen Hunter, formerly Curator of the Burgh Museum, noted a structure on the Bantaskine Estate which she thought to be a cesspit of 19th century origin, or a wine cellar, or possibly an ice-pit, and was informed that other 'caves' of the sort lay in the vicinity. The structure lay at the foot of the steep slope along the top of which the Antonine Wall ran, and where the former Bantaskine House stood. The slope was wooded, N-facing, and the structure would have been only c70 m from the house and c180 m from the Forth and Clyde Canal and a timber basin. This suggests that she had indeed found an ice-house. The structure was rectangular, aligned E-W, with an arched brick roof and an entrance facing N. A chute or channel, which may have been a later addition, ran off up the hill to the S.
A circular brick structure buried in the garden immediately to the E of the house was demolished in the 1980s because of its dangerous condition.
A small rectangular ice-house with an entrance passage is shown on the 1860 OS plan c270 m to the SW of the House, on land now occupied by an agricultural building. The area was once part of the Dunmore Wood, which here has a degree of formal landscaping. This also includes a hermit's cave, and two ponds from which the ice could have been harvested, c130 m and 320 m distance. The ice-house may have been built in 1832 when the house was erected.
This is the largest of the ice-houses in the Falkirk District. The ice-chamber measures 4.47 m long by 3.82 m wide, with height to the threshold of the door of 4.4 m, giving it a capacity in excess of 75 cubic metres. The chamber is built of stone, random rubble with dressed corners. The barrel vaulting is of ashlar. The floor is now covered with rubbish, but probing showed it to be stone with stone sills running across the width. Half way up the E wall two beam slots were evenly disposed and hint at the former existence of a landing giving access to the pit. The door to the chamber lies centrally in the N wall, 49 cm below the apex of the vaulting. It is rather squat, measuring 1.27 m wide by 1.2 m tall. A set of checks show that it was closed by a door on the outside. The walls here can be seen to be 75 cm thick. On either side of the doorway protruding stones suggest that the entrance passage had originally been the same width as the doorway. At some date it was made 40 cm wider. The outer jambs of this N-facing passage show that another door positioned here opened inwards. The passage has a brick vault. The external facade is plain. The vaulting had been covered with flat slabs and slates before having a small amount of earth placed on it. To the SE of the ice-house is a disused quarry, and it was into this that the drain presumably emptied. Ice could be obtained from nearby ponds. The ice-house is not shown on the 1860s OS map and it is tempting to suggest that it was erected at the time when the Earl of Dunmore was entertaining royalty in the 1880s. It sits in an area formally laid out as a rustic garden, and is now covered by rhododendrons and ivy. It lay 220 m SSW of the House. Local tradition says that meat carcases were hung inside the ice-house, but no hooks or other means of suspending them remain visible.
This ice-house is interesting for having been built in an artificial mound containing shale, stone and puddled clay. It lies a mere 50 m W of the demolished remains of the House on the flat Carse lands. With the higher water table it would not have been possible to create a deep pit and so the mound was a useful adaptation. The strip of land N of the main walled enclosure adjoining the House has been wooded for some time. 300 m to the N was the Forth and Clyde Canal which would have provided an ample source of ice. The ice-chamber is cylindrical with a domed roof, 3.74 m in diameter. The floor is filled with mud and so the bottom could not be investigated, but information received notes that the chamber was some 10 ft deep with a spiral staircase leading to the bottom of the chamber. There appears never to have been a drain, which given the location is not surprising and indeed the exterior of the chamber must have been waterproofed, probably with puddled clay, to prevent water penetration from the surrounds. It is said that as a consequence the ice here would only last about three months after it had been imported from Scandinavia. On the N side s small doorway, at least 60 cm above the ground level of the antechamber, has been damaged to provide easier access at a later date. This damage has revealed the double brick wall with a 26 cm air cavity between. The inside of the chamber has been whitewashed at some date. The sides and barrel vault of the antechamber are brick, with an iron tie-bar along the central axis of the roof. The facade, however, is of a grey freestone. The doorway is 2.02 m high with an arched top surrounded by a deeply moulded column. This is echoed by moulding on the capping stones continuing down the sides of the porch. The bottom 33 cm of stonework consists of a band of fluting, above which the stone is heavily indented in 'rustic' fashion. Much of the facade is now hidden by a right-angled brick blast wall which neatly converted the ice-house into an air raid shelter.
This is a small stone rectangular chambered building with a brick vaulted roof, plastered internally. The chamber measures 2.2 m by 2.0 m, with a height of 2.2 m. The single door is set in the thickness of the wall. The small amount of ice that this chamber could have held must have been stored in containers as the floor is on a level with the entrance. The brick vaulting is now exposed on the top and the doorway has been blocked by FDC. The doorway faces E towards the municipal buildings. It is built into the natural slope of the hill 70 m ESE of the house which was built in 1830.
This is perhaps the oldest ice-house in the Falkirk District. It consists of two elements, a cylindrical well with an opening near the House, and a low arched tunnel (1.2 m wide and 1.2 m high and longer than 35 m remaining) which led to the base of the well. All the work is of stone. The well has now been filled in and the point of junction is no longer accessible. The mouth of the tunnel lies besides the Gil Burn, some distance below that of the well. The tunnel is aligned almost N-S parallel with the burn, with the entrance at the N. The whole of the E bank of the burn is evidently made ground at this point and building debris protrudes from it. The 'tunnel' would seem to have been built in the open, having cut back the side of the valley, and then buried with soil. The obvious date for such an operation would have been the end of the 17th century when Duchess Anne was laying out the estate. The Hamilton family had many influential and knowledgeable contacts, inc
This simple ice-house is placed 220 m NW of the house. The location being evidently chosen for its proximity to the Union Canal from which the ice could be obtained. It sits on the W side of a burn, in a wooded valley. Partly built into the low hillside, an artificial earth bank runs E-W 1.4 m in front of a N facing doorway. The pivot hinges of the doorway show that the single door opened outwards. The chamber itself is rectangular with a barrel vaulted roof, measuring internally c3.7 m by 2.65 m. The floor could not be seen during the visit due to silt and water, but was at least 0.8 m below the threshold of the door. With the nearby burn on almost the same level it cannot have been a very successful ice-house.
Almost 90 m NW of the former house of Stenhouse, at the edge of the wood, the RCAHMS reported finding an ice-house. This structure was rectangular with a brick vault, entered on the S from a sunken stairway. There is now no trace of this structure.